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Состояние и перспективы использования масла Аргании колючей в питании и диетотерапии

https://doi.org/10.36107/hfb.2022.i1.s104

Аннотация

Введение. Наряду с высокой пищевой ценностью арганового масла, географический ареал произрастания Аргании колючей весьма ограничен, вид плохо поддается интродукции, что является ведущей причиной завышенной рыночной стоимости масла, его фальсификации и ограниченности круга реальных потребителей. 

Цель статьи  - произвести поиск технологических решений, позволяющих обеспечить возможность включения арганового масла в рацион большего числа потребителей и вместе с тем сделать бессмысленной саму идею фальсификации этого продукта. 

Материалы и методы. На основании обзора и анализа мирового опыта по получению и пищевому использованию масла Аргании колючей, была рассмотрена взаимосвязь между технологическими приемами выделения и очистки масла и составом его биологически активных компонентов: полиненасыщенных жирных кислот, токоферолов, стеролов, фенольных соединений. Проанализированы основные направления использования арганового масла в диетическом питании и обобщены результаты международных клинических исследований, основанных на включении арганового масла в диетотерапию при метаболических нарушениях и психо-неврологических расстройствах различной природы. 

Результаты и их применение. Отмечена эффективность компонентов арганового масла в экспрессии генов и ремодуляции метаболизма стероидов и гормонов. Показано, что при регулярном включении в рацион компоненты арганового масла обеспечивают желчегонное, кардио-, гепато- и химиопротекторное действие, проявляют нейропротекторные эффекты в отношении причин когнитивных нарушений и нервно-психических расстройств. Таким образом, включение арганового масла в рацион потребителей и исключение фальсификации данного продукта может быть достигнуто при научно-обоснованном комбинировании арганового масла с другими пищевыми растительными маслами, имеющими отличающийся состав жирных кислот и сопутствующих биологически активных компонентов. Предложены перспективные направления купажирования растительных масел.

Об авторах

Елена Юрьевна Егорова
ФГБОУ ВО «Алтайский государственный технический университет им. И.И. Ползунова»
Россия


Эльгендауи Аюб
ФГБОУ ВО «Алтайский государственный технический университет им. И.И. Ползунова»
Россия


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Егорова Е.Ю., Аюб Э. Состояние и перспективы использования масла Аргании колючей в питании и диетотерапии. Health, Food & Biotechnology. 2022;4(1). https://doi.org/10.36107/hfb.2022.i1.s104

For citation:


Yegorova E.Yu., Ayoub E. The state and prospects of the use of Argania spinosa oil in nutrition and diet therapy. Health, Food & Biotechnology. 2022;4(1). https://doi.org/10.36107/hfb.2022.i1.s104

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